Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Greatest Leader Of The United States 2016 Election...

â€Å"The greatest leader is not necessarily the one who does the greatest things. he is the one who gets the people to do the greatest things.† This is a quote by one of our past presidents, Ronald Reagan. As the United States’ 2016 election year shortly approaches candidates everywhere are trying to be seen as great leaders to the people. One of the main ways candidates do this is by campaigning, which involved going to speeches, going to philanthropic events, and coming up with creative ways to advertise. Donald J. Trump a businessman turning politician is one of the head candidates for the National Republican Party, and according to the Washington Post is becoming a better looking candidate everyday (Milbank). Trump worked for his father’s real ­estate company starting after college. In 1971 he was given control of the company. Trump slowly began signing contracts with hotel and apartment complexes. He began buying properties to build his own hotels as well. In 2015 this popular and famous businessman announced that he was going to run in the 2016 United States presidential election. He started the Donald J. Trump for President Incorporation to begin his campaign. This incorporation owns The Donald J. Trump official website, which is being used as one of his main campaign advertising sources. It has pictures of him and his slogan, shows his position on popular issues, shows articles of him in the media, and as well sells merchandise, like hats, t ­shirts, and yard signs. TheShow MoreRelatedDemocracy Now : Abolish The Electoral College1581 Words   |  7 PagesDemocracy Now: Abolish the Electoral College As citizens we owe it to the people and voters who have given and sacrificed for the right to vote to make sure that every single vote is counted and equal. We need to ensure that a vote cast in one state is equal to the vote of citizens in any other state. We need to become a true democracy. â€Å"The presidency is the only office in America where the candidate who wins the most votes can still lose the election. There isn’t any elected office in the NationRead MoreThe United States Presidential Election Of 2016 Essay1540 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States presidential election of 2016 occurred on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. This was the 58th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. Voters elected a new president and vice president through the electoral college. Businessman Donald Trump and Governor Mike Pence, running on the Republican ticket, defeated the Democratic Party s nominees former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Senator Tim Kaine. The defeat, consi dered improbable by most pre-election forecasts, was branded byRead MoreWhat Makes A Leader?1887 Words   |  8 PagesWhat does it mean to be a leader? We encounter leaders in everyday situations, whether it be a professor, boss, coach, or parent. 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On top of it all, students endure college with their biggest fear, how theyRead MoreA Statement Of Reform Education Literacy1912 Words   |  8 PagesUCLA was asked how his life as a college student was going. It s the remix to ignition, there s no food in the kitchen, my whole life is a mess, I don t know what s going on and I can t afford my tuition. The life of a college student is stressful. Get ting to class on time after staying up all night studying and trying to earn a degree on pop tarts and canned potatoes is not an aspect many people dream of experiencing. On top of it all, students endure college with their biggest fear, how theyRead MoreI Am Applying For The Mayo Clinic1622 Words   |  7 Pagesworld lack access to healthcare. I aim to change that throughout my life by partnering with organizations like the United States Navy or the Doctors Without Borders, and the attainment of a MD/Ph.D. degree is an essential part of it. Clinical Research Internship Study Program (CRISP) at the Mayo Clinic Florida strengthened my idea that research is an integral part of clinical medicine. After the CRISP, I decided a MD/Ph.D. suits my future goals better than an MD or Ph.D. because it will better equipRead MorePresidential Election Of Modern America Essay2251 Words   |  10 PagesPresidential elections in modern America are incredibly complex and multi-faceted, and have only grown more intricate as time progresses. First, a candidate must win the nomination of his or her party through a series of state primaries or caucuses. To do this, the candidate must appeal specifically to his or her party demographic, and is more concerned with the inter-party competition than the competition from the other party. Once the nomination is formally awarded to a candidate at the respective

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Effective Leadership Skills During An Ethical Dilemma

Effective Leadership Skills during an Ethical Dilemma The purpose of this paper is to introduce ethical frameworks that can help solve an ethical dilemma. I will give an example of ethical issues encountered in a jail setting and an ethical dilemma that I experienced as a result of these ethical issues. I will analyze the moral, ethical, and legal implications that I used in this ethical dilemma. Furthermore, I will explain my leadership role as a patient advocate during this particular moral issue. Lastly, I will describe my leadership styles that were identified by my self-assessment and how this facilitates my ethical dilemma. Introduction The American Nurses Association Code of Ethics states, â€Å"The nurse promote, advocates for,†¦show more content†¦I am not sure if this has to do with losing some of your rights as an inmate or if it is different in other jails. Lastly, other ethical issues in a jail setting involve witnessing the use of force in against patients that are severely agitated and uncooperative which end up in a mechanical restraint such as a restraint chair. The ethical dilemma I encountered in my work environment involves correctional officers using force and restraint chairs against mental health patients. Officers are allowed to restraint anyone who can be a danger to themselves or any person in the facility. Ethical Dilemma Maschi, Marmo, and Han (2014) stated, â€Å"According to the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations, 1948), every human being is entitled to be treated with dignity and respect, which includes individuals not being subjected to torture and cruel and unusual punishment† (p. 173). Also, studies have shown that patients who were placed in a mechanical restraint experience depression, insomnia, delusion, panic, demoralization, and intense anger (Bersot Arrigo, 2011). Also, many patients indicated that they lost the principle of autonomy when placed in a mechanical restraint (Bersot Arrigo, 2011). Knowing these facts, is it unethical when officers use force and restraint chairs for mental health patients? Should officers use restraints and force to control dangerous patients even ifShow MoreRelatedTransformational Leadership : A Transformational Leader1503 Words   |  7 PagesTransformational Nursing Leadership INTRODUCTION Leadership is a process. The leader uses influence to inspire others toward a common goal. There are different types of leadership such as autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. One leadership theory is transformational leadership. A transformational leader is defined as â€Å"a leader who is committed to a vision that empowers others† (Kelly, 2012). 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Chapter 2 Thesis Enrolment System Free Essays

Notes on Philippine pre-colonial literature Notes and anecdotes on Philippine pre-colonial literature, mostly taken from my Filipino 14 class under Mr. Popa. The pre-colonial period in the Philippines is the longest chapter in the country’s history. We will write a custom essay sample on Chapter 2 Thesis Enrolment System or any similar topic only for you Order Now Yet it is also the darkest chapter in history, with very few records extant. The lack of knowledge concerning the period stems from the lack of resources concerning this era, brought on by the perishability of the items produced during those times. Having a strong affinity with nature, the early Filipino communities produced items molded from the raw materials in the region, mostly from plants and trees. Another reason was the Spanish colonization of the Philippines. The Catholic friars who were tasked with converting the â€Å"uncivilized† natives demonized the pre-colonial culture, seeing the beliefs of that era as a threat to their mission to spread Christianity in the land. Only a few manuscripts still survive to this day, mostly done by Spanish priests who had immersed themselves in the community in an attempt to decipher their ways. One of the most important was the Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala by Fr. Juan de Noceda and Fr. Pedro San Lucar (1734), an anthology of early oral lore that preserved many examples of pre-colonial literature. However, despite the Spanish teachings, Philippine pre-colonial culture was not as barbaric as it had been made out to be. The presence of a bustling trade economy with Chinese and Muslim merchants existed long before the landing of the Spaniards. The oral literature in existence during that time also displayed a sense of sophistication beyond that of simple barbaric cultures. Anitism, a term coined by Stephen Hislop, refers to the religion prevalent in the religion at that time. The early Filipinos believed in the presence of  anitos, primordial forces of nature that could accompany or possess people. Filipinos also held the principle of  loob  with great importance. Loosely translated,  loobmeans inside. Loob  is also a vague reference to the soul. An attempt to explain  loob  may proceed as follows. The concept of  loob  can, first and foremost, be related to the concept of a soul. It is something that resides within the person. However, it is not corporeal, or as specific as a soul; it is a vital part of the person but not the person in his/her entirety. Loobis also related to space and trust; with the phrase  malapit ang loob ko sa iyo  (malapitmeaning near) referring to a person’s high trust level with the other. Loob  is also a personal space, something sacred to the person that belongs to him alone. The Filipinos were also well-endowed in the area of literature. A long-standing oral tradition that still survives in remnants to this day traces its roots to the pre-colonial period. Philippine literature employed everyday language, and was a communal activity. As such, the social relevance of literature during that time was very important. Themes included the daily routines of the community, living in accordance with nature and living within the community. Literature was the primary expression of the community’s experiences, beliefs and emotions. Filipino pre-colonial literature followed certain conventions. Due to its oral nature, most stories had a formulaic method of construction. This was reinforced by the duty of literature as a reflection of the communal belief and experience; the repetition of themes highlighted the prevalent qualities of the region’s culture, and identity was thus embodied. The oral tradition also refined the structure of pre-colonial literature, employing the use of rhythm and rhyme to great effect. Rhythm and rhyme distinguished literary pieces from normal conversation while employing the familiar everyday language that everyone in the community understood. These devices also made the pieces easier to remember and retell, while allowing the storyteller to associate the rise and fall of tone with the appropriate portions of the story. Philippine literature possesses a deep level of sophistication, seen in the organic unity of language, theme and relevance within each piece. The use of common language did not prevent the pieces from obtaining a touch of elegance that set it apart, a testament to the literary ability of the pre-colonial culture. Literature was a vital tool for community cohesiveness, rooted in the foundations of language as a tool for survival. Banding together to overcome the dangers of the wild, literature took on communal themes that promoted a sense of togetherness throughout the locals. Literature also reflected the affinity of pre-colonial Fipinos with nature, with the use of colorful metaphors and vivid backgrounds to enhance the story and express their appreciation of nature itself. Literature is such an integral part of pre-colonial Philippine culture that it was one of the methods employed by the Spanish in order to convert the Filipinos towards Christianity. However, the Filipinos were intensely critical of these Spanish pieces, largely due to their inability to relate them to their communal beliefs. How to cite Chapter 2 Thesis Enrolment System, Essay examples

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Metamorphosis by Kafka Essay Example

Metamorphosis by Kafka Essay Gregor Sams in Metamorphosis Unit 1 Question 1 In the book The Metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa is a traveling salesman (Kafka Kiesel, 2002). However, he hates the traveling and the constant anxiety added to the fact that he cannot make more than just acquaintances. The job requires Gregor to get up early but he dislikes the idea. To make the situation worse, his manager appears to be very cruel in his leadership and Gregor would have wanted to quit the job were it not for him supporting his parents. We will write a custom essay sample on Metamorphosis by Kafka specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Metamorphosis by Kafka specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Metamorphosis by Kafka specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Question 2 Gregor is the breadwinner in his family since he has to provide for his parents and sister, Grete, with the returns he gets from his job as a commercial traveler. His father is demeaning and demanding despite the fact that he is engulfed in business debts and bankruptcy. Gregor’s father is highly indebted to his manager and this situation forces Gregor to commit to his work. Therefore, Gregor is obliged to maintain his career even though he does not like it at all. After his metamorphosis into an insect, Gregor ceases to be of importance since he can barely control of his body and he loses his job. His father drives him away to his room by using a stick and this shows a reversed role where Gregor is lowly regarded by his father yet before his metamorphosis, the father depended on his efforts at work. Question 4 After the transformation, Gregor is more worried about being late for work than he is about himself. This character trait shows that he lacks inspiration and anything to look forward to in life. He is not enthusiastic with other aspects of life because he has a low self-esteem and sees himself as nothing more than his family’s breadwinner. He detests his job and feels that the colleagues are often gossiping about him thus, the grotesque image he gets after the transformation is a vivid impression of his inner soul. Gregor is not self-conscious and he has already adapted to the boring routine life. Question 5 When Gregor’s parents first see the gigantic insect, they do not recognize it as their son. Gregor’s father pushes him away back to his room with a stick. He might have been astonished since he clenches and starts crying but disgusted with the sight of the insect. The mother faints when she sees Gregor crawling because she is also astonished and is in disbelief of the occurrence. Their initial reactions suggest that they view Gregor as an insignificant creature, which is scary and no longer useful to them Unit 2 Question 1 The things that have changed in Gregor’s life are his physical appearance, his eating habits and his role in the family. Physically, Gregor has become a typical insect depicted by feelers, numerous thin legs, a hard back, and a segmented belly (Kafka Kiesel, 2002). His voice also changes and it becomes unclear since he cannot be heard by neither the manager nor the rest of his family when he responds to them while locked in his room. Instead of milk, he can only eat rotten food scraps. He ceases to be the family’s breadwinner since he loses his job because of his condition and instead of people looking up to him as before, they are disgusted by his sight. However, Gregor’s perception of himself and perspective of life remain the same. Before the metamorphosis, Gregor’s life is plain and boring with lack of inspiration and he accepts his new physical condition despite its ugliness. He still feels devastated that his family has financial constraints instea d of worrying about himself. Question 2 From Gregor’s point of view, the positive aspects of his metamorphosis into an insect are that he ceases to work in the dreadful field characterized by the cruelty of his boss and that he no longer has the heavy responsibility of providing for his family. He enjoys the freedom of crawling around on the ground and on walls without the thought of waking up early everyday to go to work. Although the conditions for the metamorphosis are tough, for the first time Gregor is able to relax. His sister Grete gives him feeds him and cleans his room but stops being compassionate towards the end of the story. The transformation, in disguise, made his life simpler than it was earlier. Question 3 The first section of the story before Gregor’s metamorphosis, it is apparent that his life is miserable throughout the narration. His days are boring since he has to follow a certain routine of worrying about travels and train connections. In addition, Gregor feels like the acquaintances he meets on his way are nothing more than that and the food he eats on his journey is not enjoyable (Kafka Kiesel, 2002). His boss is very insensitive at work and Gregor loses morale. He ends up in frustration and desperation because he is dissatisfied with the disparities of life. His life lacks zeal because he is always on the move and has inadequate interaction with people hence, no social ties. Question 4 Gregor’s father reveals the existence of enough money to cater for their needs for a short while. Gregor learns that his father had accumulated some savings five years before his business failed. He also finds out that some of his earnings had been put away by his family without his knowledge. When Gregor learns the truth about the family’s finances, he feels proud to have contributed to their wellbeing since not all the money he gave his parents was spent. He feels embarrassed upon hearing the discussion of the parents suggesting employment to avoid spending the savings because the father and mother seem incapable of being employed. He looks for something to preserve as soon as he moves beneath the sofa after the mother and sister have moved much of the furniture. Unit 3 Question 1 Three boarders come to live with the Samsas and they occupy the living room. These characters are significant in the story because they reveal the efforts of the family in trying to make a living amidst the financial struggles. The boarders live with the Samsas on condition that they pay the rent. This shows how the parents ventured into other means of making a living despite Gregor’s irreversible condition that brought his job to a halt. By being disgusted at the sight of Gregor in the form of an insect, they show the value of cleanliness and neatness in the environment. From their point of view, insects thrive in dirty places and since they reacted negatively to Gregor’s appearance, they communicate the importance of cleanliness. Furthermore, Kafka (2002) might have desired to incorporate the different themes such as selfishness and greed to show how they were conformed to indifference. He might have not specified them according to names because they all fell in the same category. All three represent similar traits and themes. Question 2 Gregor is wounded because his father threw apples at him and one fell squarely on his back and it became permanently lodged. Gregor felt immense pain and it altered his movement. His father reacted in that manner because he found the mother unconscious and thought Gregor tried to attack her. The incident symbolizes how his family undermines him and how his life before the metamorphosis was difficult within his environment. One apple after another hit his back and finally destroys his wellbeing. This might symbolize how his routine work depressed him continuously before he transformed into an insect. His injury is a reflection of the miseries he had in his human life. Question 3 When his sister, Grete plays the Violin, Gregor is interested and he attempts to move to the parlor where she is. He is elated by her talent and wishes to be alone with her in his bedroom so that he can unveil his plan to her. The sister plays the violin in the parlor to entertain the boarders but sadly, they lose interest. His plan is sending her to music school where she can nurture and express more of her talent. This response shows that Gregor is compassionate and devoted he is by wanting the best for every member of her family. He is dedicated to the responsibilities he has and intends to be a caring and loving brother (Kafka Kiesel, 2002). Question 4 Gregor’s sister, Grete is the first to decide that she must ‘get rid’ of the insect. As she plays the violin who eventually become disinterested, Gregor crawls to the parlor to listen when one of the boarders spot him and reacts disgustedly. They threaten the Gregor’s father by saying they will leave and not pay rent but he moves them out of the parlor. Given the difficult financial situation the family is in because Gregor can no longer work, losing in come in the form of rent proves to be a great disappointment. Therefore, Grete suggests that they should assume the insect is not Gregor and get rid of it. According to Grete, Gregor is the reason to their suffering. When Gregor overhears the conversation and feels awful because he has become a liability to the household. His life appears to be meaningless to him since he believes he brought suffering to their lives with his transformation. He finally dies by morning. Unit 4 Question 1 According to Whitlark (2012), in the story, the characters that undergo change include Gregor, his parents and his sister. Gregor’s transformation is obvious in the beginning since he physically changes into a giant insect. He no longer has his human body, which would allow him to run his daily errands normally. His life also changes from being the family’s breadwinner to becoming the family’s dependant. Prior to his metamorphosis, he provided for his family with the payment he received from work. He has become worthless and a nuisance to the point that his family plans to get rid of him because they believe he is the reason for their suffering. His parents are also transformed into productive people when they realize that Gregor can no longer provide for them because of his status. They begin discussing about chances of employment as the father is a bank attendant and the mother sews lingerie for a boutique. The family also sells jewelry to create income and th is shows how hardworking they have become. On the other hand, Grete’s personality changes towards the end when she wishes to get rid of the brother. She stops having sympathy for Gregor as before when she cared for him, fed him and cleaned his room. She stops seeing the humane part of Gregor. Question 2 The narrator strongly implies that Gregor starves himself to death. Other forces that might have led to Gregor’s death are guilt and rejection. Gregor feels guilty that he cannot provide for his family anymore when he listens to the discussion on their financial situation for the first time. He feels that he has become a burden to them because he cannot do anything constructive or contribute to their welfare. He wishes that he could do more as shown by his intention for his sister’s future with her talent of playing the violin. The fact that he is an insect has led people around him to undermine him and treat him cruelly. His father chases him away to his room with a stick and goes further to dent his back by strongly throwing apples towards him. His mother, the boarders and his manager are horrified by his presence. He sees no sense worth living and therefore loses hope. This situation is made worse when he realizes the family wants to get rid of him. Question 3 When Gregor transforms into an insect, his family stop viewing him as a man of importance because he no longer can help them financially. In addition, he has become a burden to them because he needs to be fed and he scares potential customers and people away. On the other hand, the family is pushed to be hardworking and productive because they realize that they have to meet their needs despite their financial struggles. They indulge in businesses such as selling jewelry and the father becomes a bank attendant. The father also reveals some savings that could salvage them. They become more informed although inconsiderate of Gregor’s well being. This effect suggests that the relationship between Gregor was only bound by financial providence (Whitlark, 2012). He lacked an intimate relationship with them Question 4 Gregor’s metamorphosis is symbolic because when he transforms into an insect, we can understand all the difficulties he persevered while in his human form. His grotesque appearance scares people away therefore; he cannot have an intimate relationship with them. Before his transformation, he complained about his acquaintances being distant. He did not have a chance to know them better. Gregor became lonely and might have yearned to know the meaning of his existence (Whitlark, 2012). As an insect, he is secluded from the rest as he spends time in his room. Another aspect of symbolism is evident when the father hits him with apples inconsiderately thinking that he attacked the mother. Kafka may have wanted to show how Gregor’s boss mistreated him in his job. As an insect, his father is in charge of him and sees him everyday while the case was the same with his boos back at work before he was an insect. Both have authority over him in the different environments. References Kafka, F., Kiesel, H. (2002). Kafka’s The Metamorphosis and other writings. New York: Continuum. Whitlark, J. (2012). The metamorphosis, by Franz Kafka. Pasadena, Calif: Salem Press.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

The length of Pencil lead affect Its Resistance Essay Example

The length of Pencil lead affect Its Resistance Essay Example The length of Pencil lead affect Its Resistance Paper The length of Pencil lead affect Its Resistance Paper Aim: The aim of this piece of course work is to find out how does the resistance of a pencil lead changes as I increase its length. And to find out what is the relationship between the length of a pencil lead and its resistance. Safety: Safety is a very important thing to consider as we doing a scientific experiment, so is this experiment. For make sure there will not be any accident as I doing this experiment, I will do the following things. 1, I will make sure I had set up the right electrical circuit before I let the electricity run through the circuit, to prevent the short circuit. 2, I will add a switch in the circuit, so that will prevent the lead get too hot to handle and to prevent the battery wasting. 3, I will be careful when I am holding the pencil lead because it would burning your skin if it got to hot. Fair Test: I will try to make this experiment as fair as I can, therefore I would be able to get some reliable results. To make this experiment be a fair experiment, I will do the following things. 1, I will put all my experimental equipments in the box, so that I can use the same equipments every time, such as battery packs and pencil lead. 2, I will do the same thing three times, and I will make sure that I finish every time I started because it would be some physical changing to the equipments if I left them there. Apparatus: For this experiment, I need a battery pack (4 batteries), a switch, and a set of wires, an ammeter, a voltmeter, 2 crocodile clips and a pencil lead. Method: I have chosen this method for this experiment because I think it is a fair and safe way to carry out the experiment. Firstly, the circuit will be set up in a right way as the graph (G1) was shown below, and I will check it before I start the experiment. I will make sure set the ammeter in a series circuit and voltmeter in a parallel circuit, I do this is because the scientific knowledge that is the voltmeters resistance is too big to allow the electricity pass through. Secondly, the pencil lead has 15 marks on it and each 1cm apart, I will start the experiment with the 15cm far between two crocodiles, and the distance between two crocodiles will be decreased 1cm each time the reading was taken until they are 1cm apart. I will take the reading of current (amps) and the voltage (volts) each time because the resistance could be calculated out by those two. (Resistance x Current = Voltage) Thirdly, I will take all my results in two decimal places to make the results as accuracy as possible. Finally, I will carry out this experiment 3 times and find the average resistance at last, so that the results I got would be fairly accurate, and it makes this experiment pretty fair as well. Prediction: I predict that the length of pencil lead will be directly proportional to its resistance, which means the longer the lead have the bigger resistance. This should produce a straight-line graph where resistance doubles when length doubles (see following page). I predict this because the resistance in a conductor is due to collisions between electrons and the particles of the conductor, therefore a piece of lead twice as long as another will have twice the number of particles and the probability for collisions will consequently be double, meaning double the resistance. This is what I predict the shape of the graph will look like: Analysing and Concluding: The graph 1 shows the length of pencil lead against its resistance. My results did not reflect my prediction perfectly well, it shows that they have the directly proportional to each other but it did not show the double length have double resistance. The line has crossed y-axis at 3. 9263 that is not right because it should be crossed it at 0. I have found out the equation of my line which is y=1. 0295x+3. 9263 by mathematical method, I should get the equation y=x but I actually got the plus-3. 9263. This is the reason why my line crossed y-axis at point 3. 9263, then I minus every average resistance by 3. 9263 and I have drawn another graph 2 of those results. It gave me a perfect line that started from point 0 of y-axis, and shows that the double length has double resistance, such as the resistance is 3. 4 ohms when the length is 4cm, and the resistance changes to 7. 6 ohms when the length changed to 8cm. These results are pretty accurate and proved that my prediction was right. I think the reason of the 3. 9263 exists is because of the extra resistance in my circuit, such as wires and ammeter even though there resistance is not that much. However, my graph has shown that the proportionality between the length of it and resistance. The interesting thing was that the lead would get very hot if the distance between two crocodile clips very short, I think it is because the particles collisions, which related to my scientific explanation in the planning. I could work out the resistivity of the pencil lead by this equation- R x A=P x L (R: resistance, A: area, P: resistivity, L: length). (This secondary source is come from the Advancing Physics AS textbook) Evaluation: This experiment was done well and the aim was achieved, I have got my results but they are not perfectly accurate, and I had explained the reasons in my analysing section. However, I think the method I chosen was still a good and fair method to do this experiment. My results were not far away from the line of best fit and I have drawn the perfect graph in the analysing section, anyway, this does affect my confidence when I am making my conclusion. There still were some anomalous results that were shown on my graph, they did not fit the line quite well. I think this is because I did not wait for the pencil lead cooled down each time after I had done one experiment, because I do not have enough time to carry out the whole experiment once. I think this is the main reason caused those anomalous results, because apparently the temperature is directly proportional to the graphites (the material of pencil lead) resistance. To improve my method to get more reliable results, I will do the following things. Firstly, I will choose something else to instead of crocodile clips, which have more contacting area with the lead; therefore it will allow the electricity passed more easily. Secondly, I will carry out this experiment more time and I will finish all the experiments at the same time, which means I will not do the whole experiment separately. To extend this experiment, I will do the following steps. Firstly, I would choose the other compositions of the pencil lead to investigate, such as 2B, 4B or 6B. Secondly, I would try to find out how does the thickness of the pencil lead affect its resistance. Thirdly, I could investigate the relationship between the temperature of the pencil lead and its resistance. Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Electricity and Magnetism section.

Monday, March 2, 2020

Rhetorical Analysis of E B. Whites The Ring of Time

Rhetorical Analysis of E B. Whites The Ring of Time One way to develop our own essay-writing skills is to examine how professional writers achieve a range of different effects in their essays. Such a study is called a rhetorical analysisor, to use Richard Lanhams more fanciful term, a lemon squeezer. The sample rhetorical analysis that follows takes a look at an essay by E. B. White titled The Ring of Timefound in our Essay Sampler: Models of Good Writing (Part 4) and accompanied by a reading quiz. But first a word of caution. Dont be put off by the numerous grammatical and rhetorical terms in this analysis: some (such as adjective clause and appositive, metaphor and simile) may already be familiar to you; others can be deduced from the context; all are defined in our Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms. That said, if you have already read The Ring of Time, you should be able to skip over the stranger looking terms and still follow the key points raised in this rhetorical analysis. After reading this sample analysis, try applying some of the strategies in a study of your own. See our Tool Kit for Rhetorical Analysis and Discussion Questions for Rhetorical Analysis: Ten Topics for Review. The Rider and the Writer in "The Ring of Time": A Rhetorical Analysis In The Ring of Time, an essay set in the gloomy winter quarters of a circus, E. B. White appears not yet to have learned the first piece of advice he was to impart a few years later in The Elements of Style: Write in a way that draws the readers attention to the sense and substance of the writing, rather than to the mood and temper of the author. . . .[T]o achieve style, begin by affecting nonethat is, place yourself in the background. (70) Far from keeping to the background in his essay, White steps into the ring to signal his intentions, reveal his emotions, and confess his artistic failure. Indeed, the sense and substance of The Ring of Time are inextricable from the authors mood and temper (or ethos). Thus, the essay may be read as a study of the styles of two performers: a young circus rider and her self-conscious recording secretary. In Whites opening paragraph, a mood-setting prelude, the two main characters stay hidden in the wings: the practice ring is occupied by the young riders foil, a middle-aged woman in a conical straw hat; the narrator (submerged in the plural pronoun we) assumes the languorous attitude of the crowd. The attentive stylist, however, is already performing, evoking a hypnotic charm that invite[s] boredom. In the abrupt opening sentence, active verbs and verbals carry an evenly measured report: After the lions had returned to their cages, creeping angrily through the chutes, a little bunch of us drifted away and into an open doorway nearby, where we stood for awhile in semidarkness, watching a big brown circus horse go harumphing around the practice ring. The metonymic harumphing is delightfully onomatopoetic, suggesting not only the sound of the horse but also the vague dissatisfaction felt by the onlookers. Indeed, the charm of this sentence resides primarily in its subtle sound effects: the alliterative cages, creeping and big brown; the assonant through the chutes; and the homoioteleuton of away . . . doorway. In Whites prose, such sound patterns appear frequently but unobtrusively, muted as they are by a  diction that is commonly informal, at times colloquial (a little bunch of us and, later, we kibitzers). Informal diction also serves to disguise the formality of the syntactic patterns favored by White, represented in this opening sentence by the balanced arrangement of the subordinate clause and present participial phrase on either side of the main clause. The use of informal (though precise and melodious) diction embraced by an evenly measured syntax gives Whites prose both the conversational ease of the running style and the controlled emphasis of the periodic.  It is no accident, therefore, that his first sentence begins with a time marker (after) and ends with the central metaphor of the essayring. In between, we learn that the spectators are standing in semidarkness, thus anticipating the bedazzlement of a circus rider to follow and the illuminating metaphor in the essays final line. White adopts a more paratactic style in the remainder of the opening paragraph, thus both reflecting and blending the dullness of the repetitious routine and the languor felt by the onlookers. The quasi-technical description in the fourth sentence, with its pair of prepositionally embedded adjective clauses (by which . . .; of which . . .) and its Latinate diction (career, radius, circumference, accommodate, maximum), is notable for its efficiency rather than its spirit. Three sentences later, in a yawning tricolon, the speaker draws together his unfelt observations, maintaining his role as spokesman for a dollar-conscious crowd of thrill-seekers. But at this point, the reader may begin to suspect the irony underlying the narrators identification with the crowd. Lurking behind the mask of we is an I: one who has elected not to describe those entertaining lions in any detail, one who, in fact, does want more . . . for a dollar. Immediately, then, in the opening sentence of the second paragraph, the narrator forsakes the role of group spokesman (Behind  me  I heard someone say . . . ) as a low voice responds to the  rhetorical question  at the end of the first paragraph. Thus, the two main characters of the essay appear simultaneously: the independent voice of the narrator emerging from the crowd; the girl emerging from the darkness (in a dramatic  appositive  in the next sentence) andwith quick distinctionemerging likewise from the company of her peers (any of two or three dozen showgirls). Vigorous verbs dramatize the girls arrival: she squeezed, spoke, stepped, gave, and swung. Replacing the dry and efficient  adjective clauses  of the first paragraph are far more active  adverb clauses,  absolutes, and  participial phrases. The girl is adorned with sensuous  epithets  (cleverly proportioned, deeply browned by the sun, dusty, eager, and almost naked) and greeted with the music of   alliteration  and  assonance  (her dirty little feet fighting, new note, quick distinction). The paragraph concludes, once again, with the image of the circling horse; now, however, the young girl has taken the place of her mother, and the independent narrator has replaced the  voice  of the crowd. Finally, the chanting that ends the paragraph prepares us for the enchantment soon to follow. But in the next  paragraph, the girls ride is momentarily interrupted as the writer steps forward to introduce his own performanceto serve as his own ringmaster. He begins by defining his role as a mere recording secretary, but soon, through the  antanaclasis  of . . . a circus rider. As a writing  man ...  ., he parallels his task with that of the circus performer. Like her, he belongs to a select society; but, again like her, this particular performance is distinctive (it is not easy to communicate anything of this nature). In a  paradoxical  tetracolon climax  midway through the paragraph, the writer describes both his own world and that of the circus performer: Out of its wild disorder comes order; from its rank smell rises the good aroma of courage and daring; out of its preliminary shabbiness comes the final splendor. And buried in the familiar boasts of its advance agents lies the modesty of most of its people. Such observations echo Whites remarks in the preface to  A Subtreasury of American Humor: Here, then, is the very nub of the conflict: the careful form of art, and the careless shape of life itself (Essays  245). Continuing in the third paragraph, by way of earnestly repeated phrases (at its best . . . at its best) and structures (always bigger . . . always greater), the narrator arrives at his charge: to catch the circus unawares to experience its full impact and share its gaudy dream. And yet, the magic and enchantment of the riders actions cannot be captured by the writer; instead, they must be created through the medium of language. Thus, having called attention to his responsibilities as an essayist, White invites the reader to observe and judge his own performance as well as that of the circus girl he has set out to describe.  Styleof the rider, of the writerhas become the subject of the essay. The bond between the two performers is reinforced by the  parallel structures  in the opening sentence of the fourth paragraph: The ten-minute ride the girl took achievedas far as I was concerned, who wasnt looking for it, and quite unbeknownst to her, who wasnt even striving for itthe thing that is sought by performers everywhere. Then, relying heavily on  participial phrases  and  absolutes  to convey the action, White proceeds in the rest of the paragraph to describe the girls performance. With an amateurs eye (a few knee-standsor whatever they are called), he focuses more on the girls quickness and confidence and grace than on her athletic prowess. After all, [h]er brief tour, like an essayists, perhaps, included only elementary postures and tricks. What White appears to admire most, in fact, is the efficient way she repairs her broken strap while continuing on course. Such delight in the  eloquent  response to a mishap is a familiar note in Whites work, as in the young boys cheerful report of the trains greatbigBUMP! in The World of Tomorrow (One Mans Meat  63). The clownish significance of the girls mid-routine repair appears to correspond to Whites view of the essayist, whose escape from discipline is only a partial escape: the essay, although a relaxed form, imposes its own disciplines, ra ises its own problems (Essays  viii). And the spirit of the paragraph itself, like that of the circus, is jocund, yet charming, with its balanced phrases and clauses, its now-familiar sound effects, and its casual extension of the light  metaphorimproving a shining ten minutes. The fifth paragraph is marked by a shift in  tonemore serious nowand a corresponding elevation of style. It opens with  epexegesis: The richness of the scene was in its plainness, its natural condition . . .. (Such a  paradoxical  observation is reminiscent of Whites comment in  The Elements: to achieve style, begin by affecting none [70]. And the sentence continues with a euphonious itemization: of  horse, of  ring, of girl, even to the girls bare feet that gripped the bare back of her proud and ridiculous  mount. Then, with growing intensity,  correlative  clauses are augmented with  diacope  and  tricolon: The enchantment grew not out of anything that happened or was performed but out of something that seemed to go round and around and around with the girl, attending her, a steady gleam in the shape of a circlea ring of ambition, of happiness, of youth. Extending this  asyndetic  pattern, White builds the paragraph to a  climax  through  isocolon  and  chiasmus  as he looks to the future: In a week or two, all would be changed, all (or almost all) lost: the girl would wear makeup, the horse would wear gold, the ring would be painted, the bark would be clean for the feet of the horse, the girls feet would be clean for the slippers that shed wear. And finally, perhaps recalling his responsibility to preserve unexpected items of . . . enchantment, he cries out (ecphonesis  and  epizeuxis): All, all would be lost. In admiring the balance achieved by the rider (the positive pleasures of equilibrium under difficulties), the narrator is himself unbalanced by a painful vision of mutability. Briefly, at the opening of the sixth paragraph, he attempts a reunion with the crowd (As I watched with the others . . . ), but finds there neither comfort nor escape. He then makes an effort to redirect his vision, adopting the perspective of the young rider: Everything in the hideous old building seemed to take the shape of a circle, conforming to the course of the horse. The  parechesis  here is not just musical ornamentation (as he observes in  The Elements, Style has no such separate entity) but a sort of aural metaphorthe conforming sounds articulating his vision. Likewise, the  polysyndeton  of the next sentence creates the circle he describes: [Tlhen time itself began running in circles, and so the beginning was where the end was, and the two were the same, and one thing ran into the next and time went round and around and got nowhere. Whites sense of times circularity and his illusory identification with the girl are as intense and complete as the sensation of timelessness and the imagined transposition of father and son that he dramatizes in  Once More to the Lake.  Here, however, the experience is momentary, less whimsical, more fearful from the start. Though he has shared the girls perspective, in a dizzying instant almost become her, he still maintains a sharp  image  of her aging and changing. In particular, he imagines her in the center of the ring, on foot, wearing a conical hatthus echoing his descriptions in the first paragraph of the middle-aged woman (whom he presumes is the girls mother), caught in the treadmill of an afternoon. In this fashion, therefore, the essay itself becomes circular, with images recalled and moods recreated. With mixed tenderness and envy, White defines the girls illusion: [S]he believes she can go once  round  the ring, make one complete circuit, and at the end be exactly the same age as at the start. The  commoratio  in this sentence and the  asyndeton  in the next contribute to the gentle, almost reverential tone as the writer passes from protest to acceptance. Emotionally and rhetorically, he has mended a broken strap in mid-performance. The paragraph concludes on a whimsical no te, as time is  personified  and the writer rejoins the crowd: And then I slipped back into my trance, and time was circular againtime, pausing quietly with the rest of us, so as not to disturb the balance of a performerof a rider, of a writer. Softly the essay seems to be gliding to a close. Short,  simple sentences  mark the girls departure: her disappearance through the door apparently signaling the end of this enchantment. In the final paragraph, the writeradmitting that he has failed in his effort to describe what is indescribableconcludes his own performance. He apologizes, adopts a  mock-heroic  stance, and compares himself to an acrobat, who also must occasionally try a stunt that is too much for him. But he is not quite finished. In the long penultimate sentence, heightened by  anaphora  and  tricolon  and pairings, echoing with circus images and alight with metaphors, he makes a last gallant effort to describe the indescribable: Under the bright lights of the finished show, a performer need only reflect the electric candle power that is directed upon him; but in the dark and dirty old training rings and in the makeshift cages, whatever light is generated, whatever excitement, whatever beauty, must come from original sourcesfrom internal fires of professional hunger and delight, from the exuberance and gravity of youth. Likewise, as White has demonstrated throughout his essay, it is the romantic duty of the writer to find inspiration within so that he may create and not just copy. And what he creates must exist in the style of his performance as well as in the materials of his act. Writers do not merely reflect and interpret life, White once observed in an interview; they inform and shape life (Plimpton and Crowther 79). In other words (those of the final line of The Ring of Time), It is the difference between planetary light and the combustion of stars. (R. F. Nordquist, 1999) Sources Plimpton, George A., and Frank H. Crowther. The Art of the Essay: E. B. White.  The Paris Review. 48 (Fall 1969): 65-88.Strunk, William, and E. B. White.  The Elements of Style. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan, 1979.White, E[lwyn] B[rooks]. The Ring of Time. 1956. Rpt.  The Essays of E. B. White. New York: Harper, 1979.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Interdisciplinary Team Approach for Asthma Essay

Interdisciplinary Team Approach for Asthma - Essay Example This paper illustrates that 20-year-old James, an engineering student, was admitted to the adult ward with complaints of a cough, chest tightness, wheezing since one day and difficulty in breathing for 2 hours. Prior to the onset of these symptoms he suffered from running nose for a couple of days. He had no fever, vomiting or abdominal pain. A cough was worse in the nights and in the early morning. Exercise and exposure to cold increased a cough. On further inquiry into the past history, the patient complained that he suffered from repeated attacks of a cough and chest tightness on and off since 6 months, especially when he had the running nose or was exposed to the cold environment. Since the symptoms were not severe, James did not see a doctor then for those symptoms. However, breathlessness in the current episode made him come to the hospital. James was a smoker and smokes about 3-4 cigarettes a day. He consumes alcohol occasionally. He did not have hypertension or diabetes. He h ad no known allergies. His father is a known patient with asthma. On examination, James was alert and oriented to time, place and person. He was finding it difficult to talk continuously. He preferred to sit and talk and avoid lying down. He had no cyanosis or peripheral edema. He appeared mildly pale. Respiratory rate was 25 per minute, pulse rate was 100 per minute, temperature normal, blood pressure 130/80mmHg. Auscultation of the chest revealed presence of breath sounds bilaterally with prolonged expiration. Rhonchi were heard in the basal areas of the chest. Occasional crepitations were also heard. Saturations were 90 percent. Examination of the other systems was unremarkable. In view of the severity of the condition and low saturation on pulse oximetry, James was admitted to the adult ward for further, evaluation, observation, and management. James was accompanied by his parents.